Travel Delhi

Delhi Tour Delhi is the capital city of India. It is the main commercial and business hubs of India.  Delhi is known for its culture, tradition and history. Delhi’s attractions include historical monuments; museums, galleries, parks and Mughal Architecture. Delhi is well equipped with rich cultural heritage and contemporary modern lifestyle. Delhi is a cosmopolitan city inhabited by the people from entire India.

Delhi is the historic city in India which went through several upheavals throughout the centuries since time immortal. Colorsofindia.org has summarized the popular monuments, markets, museums and sightseeing places of Delhi for you to read on………….

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DELHI SIGHT SEEING PLACES

Humayun’s Tomb: It is magnificent garden tomb that is the first substantial example of Mughal architecture in India, built in 1565 A.D nine years after the death of Humayun, by his senior widow Hamida Bano Begam. The architecture of Taj Mahal is inspired by this very building. The most notable features are the garden squares with pathways water channels, centrally located well proportional mausoleum topped by double dome. You will find many graves of Mughal rulers inside the walled enclosure. This is the place from where Lieutenant Hudson had captured the last Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah II in 1857.

India Gate: It is located at the centre of New Delhi that stands 42 m high. It is archway like structure in the middle of the crossroad. It commemorates 70,000 Indian soldiers who lost their lives fighting for British Army during the World War I. The memorial bears the names of more than 13,516 British and Indian soldiers killed in the Northwestern Frontier in the Afghan war of 1919. The foundation stone of India Gate was laid by His Royal Highness, the Duke of Connaught in 1921 and it was designed by Edwin Lutyens. The monument was dedicated to the nation 10 years later by the then Viceroy, Lord Irwin. Another memorial, Amar Jawan Jyoti was added much later, after India got its independence. The eternal flame burns day and night under the arch to remind the nation of soldiers who laid down their lives in the Indo-Pakistan War of December 1971.During nightfall, India Gate is dramatically floodlit while the fountains nearby make a lovely display with colored lights. India Gate stands at one end of Rajpath, and the area surrounding it is generally referred to as ‘India Gate’.

Jantar Mantar (Obsevatory): King Jai Singh of Jaipur built this observatory in 1724. He constructed other observatories also in Ujjain, Varanasi and Mathura. This king of Jaipur found the existing astronomical instruments not efficient enough to take correct measurements; hence he decided to build these observatories. The instruments at Jantar Mantar are fascinating for their ingenuity, but accurate observations can no longer be made from as it is surrounded by skyscrapers.

Lotus Temple: It is originally named Baha’i House of Worship but popularly known as Lotus Temple because of its lotus shaped architecture. It attracts an average of 3.5 million visitors a year. It is an eye-catching edifice worth exploring. It is constructed by the Baha’i sect post independence of India.

Parliament House: It is the supreme law making body in India. It is the center of power where representatives of peoples from every nook and corner in India take important policy decisions. It is the center of democracy of republic of India. The parliament building consists of three halls- Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha and the central hall. It is a circular colonnaded building that houses ministerial offices, committee rooms and an excellent library. It is designed in the Imperial Style that consists of an open verandah with 144 columns. Visitors are not allowed inside the house but when the house is in session, you may watch the proceedings of the house with permission. For the foreign visitors permits are given only after they obtain an introductory letter from the respective embassy.

President’s House (Rashtrapati Bhavan): It was designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens and constructed in 1931. It was originally named Viceroy’s House before independence of India, that was renamed Rashtrapati Bhavan. It is the official residence of president of India now. It covers an area of 4.5 acres that consists 340 rooms, 37 salons, 74 lobbies 18 staircases and 37 fountains. The most magnificent room in the Rashtrapati Bhavan is the Durbar Hall, which lies directly beneath the main dome. All important Indian State and Official ceremonies are held here. To the west, is the famous and beautifully landscaped Mughal Gardens, designed after the terraced gardens the Mughals built in Kashmir. The garden is famous as the ‘Butterfly Garden’ for the numerous butterflies that visit the varied flowers. The garden is open to the public in February.

Old Fort (Purana Quila): Mughal emperor Humayun laid the foundations of his city named Dinpanah, or Refuge of the Faithfuls in 1538. The inner citadel of this city is today called Purana Qila or the Old Fort. This ancient site of the fort was also named Indraprasta, the capital of the famed warriors of the Mahabharata, the Pandavas. Excavations near the eastern wall of the fort reveal that the site had been occupied since 1000 B.C. Purana Quila is roughly rectangular in shape having a circuit of nearly two kilometers. This fort has three gates – Humayun Darwaza, Talaqi Darwaza and Bara Darwaza. The present entrance is the Bara Darwaza, an imposing red sandstone gate on the western wall. Inside the Purana Qila is the Sher Mandal, a two-storied octagonal pavilion in red sandstone, built by Sher Shah. Humayun used it as a library after he captured the fort. However, the Sher Mandal is tragic, since it was the place where the emperor was tumbled to his death in 1556.

Red Fort (Lal Qila): The Red Fort was constructed in 17 century with a circumference of over 2.2 kilometers, on the banks of the River Yamuna by Mughal emperor Shahjahan. The red sandstone walls of the massive fort rise 33-m above the clamor of Old Delhi as a reminder of the magnificent power of Mughal emperors. The walls, built in 1638, were designed to keep out invaders. The main gate, Lahore Gate, is one of the emotional and symbolic focal points of the modern Indian nation and attracts lot of visitors on Independence Day celebrations. The vaulted arcade of Chatta Chowk, a bazaar selling tourist trinkets, leads into the huge fort compound. You will also find veritable treasure trove of buildings, including the Drum House, the Hall of Public Audiences, the white marble Hall of Private Audiences, the Pearl Mosque, Royal Baths and Palaceof Color. There is a fascinating light and sound show organized here every evening. Its entrance leads to Delhi’s main and lively market known as Chandni Chowk.

Iron Pillar at Qutab Minar in Delhi Qutab Minar: It is a soaring, 73 m-high tower of victory, built in 1193 by Qutab-ud-din Aibak immediately after the defeat of Delhi’s last Hindu kingdom. The tower has five distinct storeys, each marked by a projecting balcony and tapers from a 15 m diameter at the base to just 2.5 m at the top. The first three storeys are made of red sandstone; the fourth and fifth storeys are of marble and sandstone. At the foot of the tower is the Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque, the first mosque to be built in India. An inscription over its eastern gate provocatively informs that it was built with material obtained from demolishing ’27 Hindu temples’. A 7 m-high iron pillar stands in the courtyard of the mosque. The origins of Qutab Minar are shrouded in controversy. Some believe it was erected as a tower of victory to signify the beginning of the Muslim rule in India. Others say it served as a minaret to the muezzins to call the faithful to prayer. But the fact remains that it is one of the finest monuments in India.

Iron Pillar: The 7.2 meter high pillar, standing within the Qutb Minar complex, is a proof of India’s advanced knowledge of metallurgy 2000 years ago. For it continues to stand, even today, rust-free. The pillar was erected sometime between the 4th and 5th century AD as a flagpole of a Vishnu temple. It was erected in memory of King Chandragupta Vikramamditya who ruled from 375 to 413 AD. The Sanskrit inscriptions on the pillar record these facts. As per the popular legend if you can encircle it with your hands while standing with your back to it your wish will be fulfilled.

Akshardham Temple: This sprawling temple complex spread over 30 acres on the banks of River Yamuna in Delhi India. It is an amalgamation of astute design and beautiful architecture deeply immersed with traditional gaiety and timeless spirituality. This temple structure is the marvel in pink sandstone and white marble that is 141 feet high, 316 feet wide and 370 feet long. At the heart of the complex is a palace-like monument built of at least 12,000 tons of pink sandstone and white marble brought in from Rajasthan. The entire structure whole monument rises on the shoulders of 148 huge elephants with 11-feet tall statue of Swaminarayan presiding over the structure. The other attractions of the complex are three exhibition halls spaced around two huge ponds, one of these is the venue for light-and-sound show.

Laxmi Narayan Temple: It is popularly known as Birla Mandir that is one of Delhi’s major temples and tourist attractions. It is constructed by the eminent industrialist G.D. Birla in 1938 that is centrally located in Connaught Place area of Delhi. This temple is dedicated to Godess Laxmi (deity of prosperity) and Narayana (preserver of universe). The temple was inaugurated by Mahatma Gandhi on the condition that people of all castes will be allowed to enter the temple. It is open all days and entry is free. Photography is not allowed in the Prayer hall. The temple attracts thousands of devotees on Janmashtami day, the birthday of Lord Krishna. The best time to visit the temple is during morning and evening aarti. It opens from 6 AM to 10 PM.

Dilli Haat: It provides the ambience of a traditional rural bazaar of India. It is a unique bazaar in the heart of Delhi city that showcases the richness of Indian culture on a permanent basis. You may also enjoy inimitable flavors of Indian delicacies from the various regions of India. There are food stalls that offer you variety of foods served in an Eco friendly manner. You may find stuffs for contemporary needs in this market that include synthesis of crafts, food and cultural activity at this place. Only registered craftsmen are eligible to sell their articles at this market. There are many stalls selling handicrafts on rotational basis operated by craftsmen themselves who come from all corners of India, allowed to sell up to maximum period of 15 Days. This bazaar has been visualized as a showpiece of traditional Indian culture- a forum where rural life and folk art are brought closer to an urban clientele.